Head and Neck Tumors
Tumors or growths in the head and neck region may be divided into those that are benign (not cancerous) and malignant (cancerous). Fortunately, most growths in the head and neck region are typically benign. These benign growths can be related to infection, inflammation, fluid collections, swellings, or neoplasms (tumors) that are non life-threatening. The malignant growths, on the other hand, may be life-threatening and cause other problems related to their growth and spread. The malignant growths in the head and neck are usually treatable.
Other benign growths in the face and neck include cysts (fluid collection) such as branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, cystic hygroma, and dermoid cysts. These often require removal due to their continued growth and potential for infection. Growths of blood vessels often are seen in the face and neck and these are often referred to as hemangiomas, vascular malformations, lymphatic and arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Some of these may require removal or treatment depending upon the type and location.
Head and Neck Tumor Treatment Options
Treatment depends on the type, location and size of your tumor. Treatment for head and neck cancers often involves surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Rehabilitation specialists and other experts often work with people who experience hearing loss, difficulty eating or difficulty speaking as a result of head and neck cancers.